In( 1995 ) fourth world conference on (women) in Beijing was the largest gathering of (government) and non government representatives ever held with (17000 )persons in attendance .
It produced path breaking (document )for advancing women’s equity and (equality) : The Beijing platform for action . The platform( is) an agenda for empowering( women )and furthering implementation of the( 1985) Nairobi forward ( looking) strategies for the( advancement )of (women) .
( Violence ) against women is increasing ( alarmingly ) . ( We ) did not forget the name of Mahima , Fahima , Rumi , Thrishua , Sutapa ,( and ) Tamanna .( Wedid ) not forget the ( name ) of Yeasmin , a young( girl )of Dinajpur .( Different ) development indicators( show ) that in each and( every ) sphere ,( women ) lag behind ( men ) . It is ( observed ) that women are unequal( due ) to their ‘dependent’ socio economic status ,lower education levels , restricted mobility and , above all , through discriminating ( social ) , cultural and religious( customs ) .
The( PFA ) sets time specific targets for( governments ) to eliminate (discrimination ) in health , education , work place , decision( making ) and law . ( Among ) other areas of concern identified by( the PFA ) are 1) poverty , 2) Education ,3) Healthcare , 4) Violence against women , 5) Women and armed conflict , 6) Women and economy , 7) Women and( power) and decision making 8) Institutional mechanisms , 9) Human rights of women , 10) Women and media , 11) Women and environment , and 12) the girl child .
Violence against women is defined( by the united Nations ) as “Any Act of gender based violence that results in suffering to( women) ; including threats of such acts ; coercion or arbitrary( deprivation )of liberty ; whether occurring in public (and private )life . It encompasses( but) is not limited to physical , sexual and psychological violence occurring in the family , including sexual abuse of ( female ) children in the household , dowry related violence , marital raps ,( non ) spousal violence and violence related to( exploitation ) occurring within the general ( community ) .
Violence against( women ) is a major human( rights ) issue . (At ) least one in five of the world female population has been physically or( sexually ) abused by a man or men at (some ) time in their ( life ) . Violence , therefore ( operates ) as a means to maintain and reinforce (women’s ) subordination .
Numerous( studies ) report that most (women) who die from homicide are (killed ) by their partners . In ( a) society where the (giving )of dowry is practiced the (custom )can be fatal for the (women )whose parents are unable( to ) meet demands for (gifts )or money . (Violence) that begins with threats (may )end in forced ‘suicide’ ,( death) from injuries or( homicide) .
Violence( against )women may result in ( unwanted )pregnancy . (Either )through rape or by affecting (a) women’s ability to negotiate contraceptive use with their sexual( partners )for fear of being beaten or abandoned . (Those ) who cause( violence ) to women are mostly( habitual )criminals and others are influential by different (ways )due their social status . (It) is difficult to (prove )these elements guilty before court above any doubt , with the (compliance )of the codes of evidence act which( is )inevitable to award punishment (as )per our judicial (system) . It happens because the (independent) witness does not dare come forward to prove (the) case fearing revenge from the accused culprits and even the close( relations) of the victims (of violence give )up legal battle , fearing loss of lives , property , modesty and prestige in the wake of threat from the accused( criminal or) their accomplices .
Violence against (women )is increasing alarmingly .( We )did not forget the name of Mahima , Fahima , Rumi, Thrishna , Sutapa and Tamanna .We did not forget (the name of Yeasmin ), a young girl of Dinajour .( She ) was feel proud to mention the success of getting the justice in Yeasmin (rape ) murder case .
Different (development indicators show ) that in each and every sphere , women lag (behind )men . It is observed that women are unequal due to their ‘dependent’ (socio )economic status , lower education levels , restricted mobility and , above all ,( through discriminating )social , cultural and religious (customs ) .
There have been many instances (throughout the) last decade where( village) leaders and religious bodies have tortured women on various ‘offences’ through illegal and (extra) judicial procedures such as ‘Fatwas’ . Women have become victims of rape , acid throwing , kidnapping , murder , suicide and other( kinds )of violence. (Gender )gaps still exists in every sphere of women’s lives and women( are) deprived of their fundamental ( rights ).
In May 2009 an honorable bench (of High court )Division after the (final ) hearing of a writ petition , issued directives to be obeyed (compulsorily ) in case of sexual harassment (of women in workplaces) and in educational institutions (until) enactment of specific (laws )in this regard . (The) directives issued by the highest judiciary relation to violence( against )women have been highly appreciated by all and drawn the attraction of the quarters . But still there was no enactment in( this regard) . (The )directives could only be fulfilled through the laws enacted by the parliament . We would( hope ) that the lawmakers( would )be earnest( in )legislating on the( directives) of the highest (court) in stopping( violence )against women by enacting proper laws (other) wise women development would (remain) a far cry .
In all women development related activities( the )concerns contained in the (CEDAW )should be included on a priority basis . All discriminatory laws( should )be abolished or reformed .
Objections to Article 2 and 16.1.c of( CEDAW )convention should be withdrawn . We need (to) fully approve and implement CEDAW . If the envisaged changes (are) brought about violence against (women) will be( reduced) .